Thursday, April 17, 2014

Tuesday, February 11, 2014

Link and Instructions for Punnett Squares Activity

The following is the link to the program you will be using for today's activity.  Click "Run" when prompted.  Follow the instructions on you handout and on the screen.  Draw the Punnett square in your notebook with arrows and instructions as prompted on the handout.  If you finish all parts of the first activity, you may go on to the second part with the definitions.

Punnett Square Activity

Friday, December 20, 2013

Bonus Point Opportunity

Watch the rap battles video at Rap Battles in Science Watson and Crick vs. Rosalind Franklin.

Complete the assignment provided on the handout given in class.

Use the following links to help you find information on the history being portrayed.

Discovery of DNA
Rosalind Franklin Biography
The First Discovery of DNA
Linus Pauling's DNA model
Maurice Wilkins DNA from the beginning

Monday, September 9, 2013

Genetics Terms Modeling Assignment

Post your analogies, stores, etc. here.  Cartoons will be uploaded and posted in the Awesome Student Work Section.  When posting your stories, post as a comment.  I will have to read your comments before they will be fully published on the site.  MAKE SURE TO INCLUDE THE NAMES OF EVERYONE WHO WORKED AND DESERVES CREDIT IN YOUR GROUP WHEN YOU POST THESE.

Tuesday, May 21, 2013

Welcome Incoming Sophomores

Welcome to Biology. I am looking forward to working with all of you in the upcoming year. Posted here are several links you will find useful next year. Please download and read the syllabus paying close attention to the grading policy. I have also posted a link to the new Next Generation Science Standards. We will be incorporating these standards in science courses next year. Although some revisions to units will be occurring over the summer, you should browse through the units of study posted on the right of the blog. I will be referring you to the blog frequently for review material, extra practice, homework assignments, and make-up work for students who are absent. It will be your responsibility in the upcoming year to check the blog at least weekly and sometimes more frequently.

Thursday, December 13, 2012

This is a link to an online Biology textbook.  It has videos and explanations of each topic.  You may want to use the appropriate sections to review.

Online Biology Book

Study Guide Answer Key - Let's Try This Again

Final Review Study Guide Answer Key atom - smallest unit of matter composed of protons, neutrons, and electrons
 molecule - 2 or more atoms bonded together
 chemical reaction - when the bonds in a molecule are broken and the atoms rearranged to form new molecules. enzyme - protein molecule that allows chemical reactions to occur by lowering the activation energy needed. It bonds with a substrate and changes it into a product 
substrate - the molecule an enzyme works on
 product - ending molecules in a reaction active site - spot on the enzyme where the substrate bonds and where the reaction occurs
 denaturation- changing the shape of the active site of an enzyme so the substrate can no longer fit. The wrong temperature or pH level can cause this
 inhibitor - a molecule similar to the substrate that bonds to the active site of an enzyme so the substrate cannot activation energy - the amount of energy needed to start a reaction. Enzymes lower it. reactant - starting molecule in a reaction 
cellular respiration - breaking down glucose to get ATP -consists of glycolysis, Kreb's cycle, and electron transport chain -occurs in the mitochondria -uses oxygen and makes carbon dioxide happens in animals and plants
 photosynthesis -using light energy to make glucose consists of the light reaction and the Calvin cycle occurs in the chloroplast produces oxygen and used carbon dioxide happens only in plants

 organelles and functions 
lysosome - breaks down waste in the cell
 vacuole - stores water food and waste
 mitochondria - where cellular respiration happens 
chloroplast - only in plants - where photosynthesis happens
 nucleus - has DNA and sends directions for making proteins to the ribosome
 ribosome - starts the process of making a protein and sends the amino acid chain to the rough ER to be folded rough Endoplasmic reticulum - folds proteins into their correct 3D shape
 Golgi apparatus - packages, labels, and inspects molecules for transport 
smooth ER - detoxifies alcohol and chemical and makes or synthesizes lipids
 cytoskeleton - gives cell shape and helps organelles move
 cell membrane - controls the passage of substances in and out of cells
 cell wall - only in plants - additional protection and lets cell fill with water without bursting (turgor pressure) 

Passive Transport - does not use energy by the cell
 -simple diffusion - more to less, small molecules, between phospholipids
 -facilitated diffusion - more to less, larger molecules, through protein channel
 -osmosis - diffusion of water 
Active Transport - cell uses ATP for energy to do it 
-active transport - nore to less through protein channel - small molecules or medium 
endocytosis - into the cell - very large molecules or cells
 exocytosis - out of the cell - very large molecules

 phospholipid bilayer - phosphate heads are turned out toward
 water, lipid tails are turned in away from water 
hydrophobic - water fearing lipid tails
 hydrophilic - water loving phosphate heads 

cellular respiration glucose and 6 oxygen molecules are used to make 6 carbon dioxide molecules, six water molecules and 36 ATP (net) 
photosynthesis 6 carbon dioxide molecules and 5 water molecules are used to make 1 glucose molecules and 6 oxygen molecules
 independent variable - changed in an experiment to test its effect
 dependent variable - changes as a result of the independent variable 
constants - factors kept the same in an experiment to ensure that any effects on the DV are due to the IV 
control - the level of the independent variable that simulates normal conditions reason for multiple trials - to insure accuracy how to find average - add numbers and divide by how many there are